offers a preview of documents scheduled to appear in the next day's Bottlenose dolphin, Indian River Lagoon estuarine system. The Commission states that NMFS proposed to reclassify the Category III Hawaii charter vessel fishery, which is primarily a troll fishery, and the HI trolling, rod and reel fisheries as Category II fisheries in the 2012 LOF (76 FR 37716, June 28, 2011). None documented in the most recent 5 years of data. NMFS will continue to annually evaluate marine mammal interactions and risk posed by a variety of gear types and fisheries through the LOF process. section). CA anchovy, mackerel, sardine purse seine, WA/OR herring, smelt, squid purse seine or lampara, WA/OR/CA albacore surface hook and line/troll, AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands groundfish hand troll and dinglebar troll, AK Gulf of Alaska groundfish hand troll and dinglebar troll, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands tuna troll, AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Greenland turbot longline, AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands Pacific cod longline, AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands sablefish longline, AK Bering Sea, Aleutian Islands halibut longline, AK state-managed waters longline/setline (including sablefish, rockfish, lingcod, and miscellaneous finfish), WA/OR/CA groundfish, bottomfish longline/set line. Fisheries Research. WestCoast Region, NMFS, NOAA| 7600Sand Point Way NE| Seattle | WA | 98115. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-264, 479 p. Henry A, Garron M, Reid A, Morin D, Ledwell W, Cole TVN. These differences among the lobster fisheries include: Fishing techniques, gear used, seasons and areas fished, fishermen's observations of right whales and distribution of marine mammals. A Rule by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration on 01/14/2021. 1387(e)) and 50 CFR 229.6, any vessel owner or operator, or gear owner or operator (in the case of non-vessel fisheries), participating in a fishery listed on the LOF must report to NMFS all incidental mortalities and injuries of marine mammals that occur during commercial fishing operations, regardless of the category in which the fishery is placed (I, II, or III) within 48 hours of the end of the fishing trip or, in the case of non-vessel fisheries, fishing activity. for better understanding how a document is structured but To reduce impacts on seabirds, streamer lines (tori lines, bird scaring lines) or night setting are required for longline vessels with an overall length greater than 26 feet (see streamer line regulations). The best available information on the level of observer coverage and the spatial and temporal distribution of observed marine mammal interactions is presented in the SARs. NOAA-NMFS-PIFSC-47, 29 p. Hayes, S.A., Josephson, E., Maze-Foley, K., Rosel, P.E., 2020. Caribbean haul/beach seine fishery from 15 to 38 vessels/person. Our prolific bays and estuaries nurture Dungeness crabs, oysters, and other delectable shellfish prized around the world. We also note that two additional entanglements have been identified as Massachusetts lobster trap/pot entanglements (E36-16/RW 3623 and E25-09). Therefore, NMFS is retaining the Category III classification of the Hawaii troll fishery. The commenter notes that the Northeast/mid-Atlantic American lobster trap/pot fishery is classified as a Category I fishery for North Atlantic right whales, yet there has been only one confirmed mortality in American lobster trap/pot gear in the past decade (2012) and no documented serious injuries (as stated in the 2020 LOF final rule). 2016. The Commission notes the final 2012 LOF (76 FR 73912, November 29, 2011) did not finalize the fishery proposed reclassifications. We also conduct research throughout the Pacific Ocean and in the Southern Ocean around Antarctica. NOAA Fisheries announces a correcting amendment published today in the Federal Register. AOLA recommends NMFS split undetermined North Atlantic right whale M/SI between the two countries based on the percentage of known entanglements from each country and this prorated distribution of M/SI should be used when classifying fisheries on the LOF. HLA requests that NMFS remove the MHI insular and NWHI stocks of false killer whales from the list of species and/or stocks incidentally killed or injured in the Category I Hawaii deep-set longline fishery. For the best experience, please use a modern browser such as Chrome, Firefox, or Edge. the Federal Register. Response: This comment has been addressed previously (see 84 FR 22051, May 16, 2019). Further, eligible commercial fisheries not specifically identified on the LOF are deemed to be Category II fisheries until the next LOF is published (50 CFR 229.2). Table 1 lists all of the commercial fisheries in the Pacific Ocean (including Alaska); Table 2 lists all of the commercial fisheries in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean; and Table 3 lists all U.S. authorized commercial fisheries on the high seas. To establish whether the species has recovered and may be taken off the list of vulnerable and endangered species under the ESA, NMFS advises creating a recovery team of species specialists to prepare a recovery plan, including delisting criteria (Region, n.) Research/References. Am I required to submit reports when I kill or injure a marine mammal during the course of commercial fishing operations? According to NMFS' Process for Distinguishing Serious from Non-Serious Injury of Marine Mammals (NMFS 2015, 02-238-01), cases that would have been serious injuries prior to disentanglement are not counted against PBR in the SAR, but they are included in the recorded takes for the LOF and associated management measures. Below are links to learn about a few of our West Coast species. The NMFS determined that the project would adversely affect PS Chinook and PS steelhead and their designated critical habitats. Today, most of the 90 plus stocks managed under the West Coast groundfish fisheries are not overfished and are not experiencing overfishing. The MHI insular stock of false killer whales have been documented via telemetry to move far enough offshore to reach longline fishing areas (Bradford et al., 2015). In addition to the SARs, NMFS also reviews other sources of new information for the LOF, including injury determination reports, bycatch estimation reports, and observer data. The tier analysis requires a minimum amount of data, and NMFS does not have sufficient data to perform a tier analysis on certain fisheries. A method to assign cause to these unknown, as well as undetected mortalities, while addressing country entanglement of origin, is currently under development (Hayes et al., 2020). The West Coast groundfish recreational fisheries are primarily made up of anglers on charter fishing vessels targeting groundfish species with hook and line fishing gear. Allen, P.L. Irma Lagomarsino Senior Policy Advisor at NOAA Fisheries West Coast Region 4d Report this post Report Report. Participants in these fisheries are automatically registered under the MMAP and are not required to submit registration or renewal materials. Guidelines for Preparing Stock Assessment Reports Pursuant to the 1994 Amendments to the MMPA. Fish and Wildlife Service share jurisdiction of some listed entities; this service only contains spatial data for NMFS critical habitat in the West Coast Region. on NOAA Fisheries West Coast Region, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, and Southwest Fisheries Science Center work together to apply the latest science to sustainably manage the rich marine resources of the region for generations to come. This rule is not expected to be an Executive Order 13771 regulatory action because this rule is not significant under Executive Order 12866. documents in the last year, by the Executive Office of the President The Northwest Fisheries Science Center produces an annual report on salmon bycatch. Authority: MLA recommends NMFS reclassify the Maine state waters lobster fishery as Category III fishery since there are no documented serious injuries or mortalities with this fishery, and NMFS determined that regulating the waters exempt from the Atlantic Large Whale Take Reduction Plan (ALWTRP) would have no significant benefit to large whales. NMFS must reexamine the LOF annually, considering new information in the Marine Mammal Stock Assessment Reports (SARs) and other relevant Start Printed Page 3029sources, and publish in the Federal Register any necessary changes to the LOF after notice and opportunity for public comment (16 U.S.C. Salmon bycatch in the groundfish fishery most often occurs with trawl gear. Habitat protection and restoration are critical components of species recovery and conservation. For these fisheries, NMFS will review the other sources of relevant information to determine when it is appropriate to remove a species or stock from the LOF. Discarded catch is accounted for by the West Coast Groundfish Observer Program. In the West Coast groundfish fishery, the position data is primarily used to monitor fishing activity relative to closed areas. Therefore, while HSFCA permits exist for these gear types, it does not represent effort. Mid-Atlantic gillnet fishery from 3,950 to 4,020 vessels/person; Northeast sink gillnet fishery from 3,163 to 4,072 vessels/persons; Chesapeake Bay inshore gillnet fishery from 248 to 265 vessels/persons; Northeast bottom trawl fishery from 2,238 to 968 vessels/persons; Southeastern U.S. Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico shrimp trawl fishery from 4,950 to 10,824 vessels/persons; Atlantic mixed species trap/pot fishery from 3,332 to 3,493 vessels/persons; Mid-Atlantic menhaden purse seine fishery from 19 to 17 vessels/persons; Virginia pound net fishery from 26 to 20 vessels/persons; Caribbean gillnet fishery from >991 to 127 vessels/persons; Caribbean mixed species trap/pot fishery from >501 to 154 vessels/persons; Caribbean spiny lobster trap/pot fishery from >197 to 40 vessels/persons; and. On March 18, 2022, NMFS West Coast Region received a permit renewal request (Permit 16608-3R) from Reclamation to conduct species enhancement activities for CCV steelhead and the sDPS of North American green sturgeon in the SJRRP Restoration Area. Additionally, in August 2020, NMFS reopened the Southern Exclusion Zone to Hawaii deep-set longline fishing (85 FR 50959, August 19, 2020). West Coast Region 1201 NE Lloyd Boulevard, Suite 1100 PORTLAND, OR 97232-1274 Refer to NMFS No: WCRO-2021-01232 December 20, 2022 Todd Tillinger Chief, Regulatory Branch U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Seattle District 4735 East Marginal Way South, Bldg. on The seal had injuries consistent from dog bites, and was transported to SR3 for rehabilitation. Species with shorter life expectancies tend to have more variable reproductive success. The following summarizes changes to the LOF for 2021, including the classification of fisheries, fisheries listed, the estimated number of vessels/persons in a particular fishery, and the species and/or stocks that are incidentally killed or injured in a particular fishery. There is a very low amount of eulachon bycatch in West Coast groundfish fisheries. These fishery fact sheets provide the full history of each Category I and II fishery, including: When the fishery was added to the LOF; the basis for the fishery's initial classification; classification changes to the fishery; changes to the list of species and/or stocks incidentally killed or injured in the fishery; fishery gear and methods used; observer coverage levels; fishery management and regulation; and applicable TRPs or TRTs, if any. Response: The SARs are drafted according to NMFS' Guidelines for Preparing Stock Assessment Reports Pursuant to the 1994 Amendments to the MMPA (NMFS 2016, 02-204-01). Because there were no data to indicate specific stock or reliable data that could be used to partition the 2012 killer whale M/SI, the M/SI was assigned to both stocks as prescribed by NMFS' Guidelines for Preparing Stock Assessment Reports Pursuant to the 1994 Amendments to the MMPA. In one of the commenter's cited cases (E43-12/RW 4193), red tracers were identified in the recovered gear. The commenter alleges There are zero instances of Maine lobster gear associated with a right whale serious injury or mortality in any data set, and only one known entanglement where Maine lobster was the primary entangling gear in 2002 resulting in non-serious injury determination. We recognize that there has only been one confirmed mortality (in 2012) in identified U.S. trap/pot gear in the past decade. As described in the 2019 LOF (84 FR 22051, May 16, 2019), six false killer whale M/SI incidental to the deep-set longline fishery were observed inside the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) around Hawaii, including three that occurred close to the outer boundary of the Main Hawaiian Islands Longline Fishing Prohibited Area, in close proximity to the outer boundary of the MHI Insular false killer whale stocks' range. Bottlenose dolphin, Puerto Rico and United States Virgin Islands. HLA notes that (a) the False Killer Whale Take Reduction Plan (FKWTRP) closed the deep-set longline fishery for almost the entire range of the MHI insular stock, (b) since this change was made in 2013 there have been no false killer whale interactions in the fishery, and (c) there has never been a deep-set longline fishery interaction in the very small area of the stocks' range where the fishery operates. Allocations, Specifications of OFL, ABC, ACL, ACT and Fishery Harvest Guidelines, Pacific Fisheries Information Network (PacFIN), Subscribe to the West Coast groundfish email list, Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan, Letter of concurrence on reinitiated consultation on continued operation of the groundfish fishery under the Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan and the effects of the fishery on Southern Resident killer whales (December 7, 2022), Biological Opinion on the Effects of the Continuing Operation of the Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery on Humpback Whales (Reinitiation 2020), Adoption of Conference Opinion on Humpback Whale Critical Habitat for the Continued Operation of the Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery (2021), Biological Opinion on the Effects of the Continuing Operation of the Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery on Eulachon (Reinitiation 2018), Biological Opinion on the Effects the Groundfish Fishery Management Plan on Listed Salmon (2017), Biological Opinion on the Effects of the Ongoing Operation of the Groundfish Fisheries on California Least Tern, Southern Sea Otter, Bull trout, Marbled Murrelet, and Short-tailed Albatross (2017), Biological Opinion on the Effects of the Continuing Operation of the Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery on Green Sturgeon, Leatherback Sea Turtles, and Other Listed Species (2012), Groundfish Endangered Species Act Workgroup Report (2021), Fishing Effort in the 2002-2019U.S. Pacific Coast Groundfish Fisheries, Observed and Estimated Bycatch of Eulachon in 2002-2019 US West Coast Groundfish Fisheries, Observed and Estimated Bycatch of Green Sturgeon in 2002-2019 US West Coast Groundfish Fisheries, Estimated Humpback Whale Bycatch in the U.S. West Coast Groundfish Fisheries, 2002-2019, Leatherback Sea Turtle Bycatch in U.S. West Coast Groundfish Fisheries 2002-2019, Estimated Short-tailed Albatross Bycatch in U.S. West Coast Groundfish Fisheries 2002-2019, Webinar: Salmon Impacts in the Pacific Groundfish Fishery (2015), West Coast Groundfish Essential Fish Habitat, Fisheries Resource Analysis and Monitoring Division, Habitat and Groundfish Ecology Research in the California Current, Pacific Coast Fisheries Information Network, Recreational Fisheries Information Network. London, S.A. Mizroch, R.R. The Commission states that implementing regulations allow for NMFS, in the absence of reliable estimates of the M/SI, to determine whether M/SI occurs `not at all or with a remote likelihood' (Category III), `occasionally' (Category II), or `frequently' based on analogy to similar fisheries. This PDF is The Pacific Fisheries Information Network (PacFIN) provides an inseason salmon bycatch report to monitor bycatch in the groundfish fishery. Response: As stated above in response to Comments #11 and 15, NMFS retains the Category I classification of the Northeast/Mid-Atlantic American lobster trap/pot fishery. As noted in the 2016 SAR (Muto et al., 2017), the 2012 killer whale M/SI in the BSAI Pacific cod longline fishery was assigned to both the resident and transient stocks of killer whale, given no genetic samples were collected and the overlap in the range of the two stocks in Alaska waters. As noted previously in this LOF, the number of HSFCA permits listed in Table 3 for the high seas components of fisheries that also operate within U.S. waters does not necessarily represent additional effort that is not accounted for in Tables 1 and 2. This notice initiated a 60-day period for the public to provide comments to NMFS related to the status of the species being reviewed. Bottlenose dolphin, HI Pelagic. Reflections on the West Coast Groundfish Survey. Therefore, the high seas components of these fisheries pose the same risk to marine mammals as the components of these fisheries operating in U.S. waters. We assimilated more than 4500 unique estimates of published juvenile densities (e.g., fish/m2) in estuarine and floodplain habitats. Red tracers are indicative of the gear marking scheme required for the ALWTRP Northern Inshore Trap/Pot fishery management area, a management area that overlaps Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts state waters. HSFCA permits are valid for 5 years, during which time Fishery Management Plans (FMPs) can change. NMFS also reviews other sources of new information, including injury determination reports, bycatch estimation reports, observer data, logbook data, stranding data, disentanglement network data, fishermen self-reports (i.e., MMPA mortality/injury reports), and anecdotal reports from that time period.
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